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Neurobiology Invited Seminar: Spontaneous behavior is structured by reinforcement without extrinsic reward

Speaker

Sandeep Robert Datta, hosted by Richard Mooney

Duke Neurobiology welcomes Sandeep Robert Datta, MD, PhD, Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Datta will present LIVE in 103 Bryan and his seminar "Spontaneous behavior is structured by reinforcement without extrinsic reward" includes a Zoom simulcast. Email d.shipman@duke.edu for the link. ABSTRACT: Spontaneous behavior exhibits structure. Ethologists describing animals in the wild have long appreciated that naturalistic, self-motivated behavior is built from modules that are linked together over time into predictable sequences. And yet, it remains unclear how the brain regulates the selection of individual behavioral modules for expression at any given moment, or how it dynamically composes these modules into the fluid behaviors observed when animals act of their own volition, and in the absence of experimental restraint, task structure or explicit reward. Here we use novel methods for characterizing and manipulating behavior in freely-moving mice in real time to reveal that learning and variability interact to create the architecture of self-guided behavior. Our findings suggest a broad model in which the composition of spontaneous behavior from elemental components is supported by the same circuits and mechanisms that enable action selection in structured tasks.

Categories

Lecture/Talk & Research