Brian Hare

Brian Hare

Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology

External Address: 
004 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383


Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Harvard University 2004

  • M.A., Harvard University 2000

  • B.A., Emory University 1998

Selected Grants

Longitudinal comparison of cognitive and emotional development in assistance dog puppies reared in two different ways awarded by American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2020 to 2024

Longitudinal Cognitive and Emotional Development in Working Dog Puppies awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2019 to 2024

Can playful learning increase success in canine good citizenship training? awarded by Stanton Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2021

Creating an Online Tool for Large-Scale Comparative Cognition Collaborations awarded by Templeton World Charity Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

One Health Innovation Fellowships for Zoonotic Disease Research in Mongolia awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2013 to 2019

Characterizing Comparative Cognitive Development to Predict and Enhance Military Working Dog Performance awarded by Office of Naval Research (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2019

2016-17 Next Generation Canine Research Fellowship awarded by Stanton Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

Social Integration in Female Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in Gombe National Park, Tanzania and Tchimpounga Sanctuary, Republic of Congo awarded by Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2017


Hare, B., and S. Yamamoto. Bonobos: Unique in mind, brain, and behavior. 2018, pp. 1–290. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.001.0001. Full Text

Woods, V., and B. Hare. “Uncanny valley of the apes.” Why We Love and Exploit Animals: Bridging Insights from Academia and Advocacy, 2019, pp. 104–20.

Hare, B., and S. Yamamoto. “Minding the bonobo mind.” Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior, 2018, pp. 1–14. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0001. Full Text

Krupenye, C., et al. “Does the bonobo have a (chimpanzee-like) theory of mind?Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior, 2018, pp. 81–94. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0006. Full Text

Tan, J., and B. Hare. “Prosociality among non-kin in bonobos and chimpanzees compared.” Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior, 2018, pp. 140–54. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0010. Full Text

Faust, L. J., et al. “Bonobo population dynamics: Past patterns and future predictions for the Lola ya Bonobo population using demographic modelling.” Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior, 2018, pp. 266–74. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0018. Full Text

Walker, K., and B. Hare. “Bonobo baby dominance: Did female defense of offspring lead to reduced male aggression?Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior, 2018, pp. 49–64. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0004. Full Text

Hare, B., and V. Woods. “Cognitive comparisons of genus Pan support bonobo self-domestication.” Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior, 2018, pp. 214–32. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0015. Full Text

Hare, B. “Is human free will prisoner to primate, ape, and hominin preferences and biases?Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will And Moral Responsibility, 2014, pp. 361–66.

Rosati, Alexandra G., Ricard H., et al. “Primate Neuroethology.” Primate Neuroethology, edited by Michael L. Platt and Asif A. Ghazanfar, Oxford University Press, USA, 2012, pp. 117–43. Open Access Copy

Rosati, A G, C. P., and B. Hare. “Social Cognition: From Behavior-Reading to Mind-Reading.” Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by B. Koob, George F. and B. Le Moal, Michel, Elsevier Science, 2010, pp. 263–70. Open Access Copy


Zhou, Wen, and Brian Hare. “The Early Expression of Blatant Dehumanization in Children and Its Association with Outgroup Negativity.Human Nature (Hawthorne, N.Y.), June 2022. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s12110-022-09427-x. Full Text

Salomons, Hannah, et al. “Cooperative Communication with Humans Evolved to Emerge Early in Domestic Dogs.Current Biology : Cb, vol. 31, no. 14, July 2021, pp. 3137-3144.e11. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2021.06.051. Full Text

Rimbach, Rebecca, et al. “Total energy expenditure of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) of different ages.The Journal of Experimental Biology, July 2021. Epmc, doi:10.1242/jeb.242218. Full Text

Pontzer, Herman, et al. “Evolution of water conservation in humans.Current Biology : Cb, vol. 31, no. 8, Apr. 2021, pp. 1804-1810.e5. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2021.02.045. Full Text

Hare, Brian, and Morgan Ferrans. “Is cognition the secret to working dog success?Animal Cognition, vol. 24, no. 2, Mar. 2021, pp. 231–37. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10071-021-01491-7. Full Text

Bray, Emily E., et al. “Dog cognitive development: a longitudinal study across the first 2 years of life.Animal Cognition, vol. 24, no. 2, Mar. 2021, pp. 311–28. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10071-020-01443-7. Full Text

Bowie, Aleah, et al. “Assessing conservation attitudes and behaviors of Congolese children neighboring the world's first bonobo (Pan paniscus) release site.American Journal of Primatology, vol. 83, no. 1, Jan. 2021, p. e23217. Epmc, doi:10.1002/ajp.23217. Full Text

Gnanadesikan, Gitanjali E., et al. “Breed Differences in Dog Cognition Associated with Brain-Expressed Genes and Neurological Functions.Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol. 60, no. 4, Oct. 2020, pp. 976–90. Epmc, doi:10.1093/icb/icaa112. Full Text

Gnanadesikan, Gitanjali E., et al. “Estimating the heritability of cognitive traits across dog breeds reveals highly heritable inhibitory control and communication factors.Animal Cognition, vol. 23, no. 5, Sept. 2020, pp. 953–64. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10071-020-01400-4. Full Text

Bray, E. E., et al. “Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies.” Animal Behaviour, vol. 166, Aug. 2020, pp. 193–206. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2020.05.019. Full Text