Felipe De Brigard

Felipe De Brigard

Fuchsberg-Levine Family Associate Professor



Most of my research focuses on the way in which memory and imagination interact. So far, I have explored ways in which episodic memory both guides and constrains episodic counterfactual thinking (i.e., thoughts about alternative ways in which past personal events could have occurred), and how this interaction affects the perceived plausibility of imagined counterfactual events. I also explore the differential contribution of episodic and semantic memory in the generation of different kinds of counterfactual simulations, as well as the effect of counterfactual thinking on the memories they derive from. In addition, my research attempts to understand how prior experience helps to constrain the way in which we reconstruct episodic memories. Finally, I am also interested in the role of internal attention during conscious recollection. To address these issues I use behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques, as well as the conceptual rigor of philosophical analysis.

Education & Training

  • Post Doctoral Fellow, Philosophy, Harvard University 2011 - 2013

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 2011

  • Visiting Instructor, Philosophy, Elon University 2009 - 2010

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 2007

  • M.A., Tufts University 2005

  • A.B., Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Colombia) 2002

Selected Grants

Forgetting and Forgiving: Exploring the Connections Between Memory, Forgiveness and Reconciliation awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2021 to 2024

Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy awarded by Templeton World Charity Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2020 to 2023

Effects of Aging on Episodic Memory-Dependent Decision Making awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2018 to 2023

Counterfactual Simulation and Omissive Causation awarded by Office of Naval Research (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2021

Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy (SSNAP) awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Co-Program Leader). 2016 to 2020

Muñoz-Suárez, C., et al. Content and consciousness revisited. 2015, pp. 1–220. Scopus, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-17374-0. Full Text

Montañés, Patricia, and F. De Brigard. Neuropsicologia clinica y cognoscitiva. Univ. Nacional de Colombia, 2001.

De Brigard, F. “Memory and the intentional stance.” The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett, 2018, pp. 62–91. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780199367511.003.0005. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory, attention, and joint reminiscing.” New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory, 2018, pp. 200–20. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781315159591. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory and imagination.” The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory, 2017, pp. 127–40. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781315687315. Full Text

Banerjee, S., et al. “The significance of cognitive neuroscience: Findings, applications and challenges.” The Cognitive Neuroscience V, edited by R. Mangum and M. Gazzaniga, MIT Press, 2014, pp. 1071–78.

De Brigard, F. “What was I thinking? Dennett’s Content and Consciousness and the reality of propositional attitudes.” Content and Consciousness Revisited, edited by C. M. Muñoz-Suárez and F. De Brigard, Springer, 2013.

De Brigard, F., et al. “Neuroanatomy of Memory.” Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychiatry, edited by D. B. Arcinegas et al., Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2013.

St Jacques, P., and F. De Brigard. “Neural correlates of autobiographical memory: Methodological Considerations.The Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory., edited by A. Durte et al., Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

De Brigard, F. “Memoria, neurociencia y educación.” La Pizarra de Babel: Puentes Entre Neurociencia, Psicologia y Educación, edited by S. Lipina and M. Sigman, Libros del Zorzal, pp. 179–94.

De Brigard, F., et al. “Perceived similarity of imagined possible worlds affects judgments of counterfactual plausibility.” Cognition, vol. 209, Apr. 2021. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104574. Full Text

Henne, Paul, et al. “Norms Affect Prospective Causal Judgments.Cognitive Science, vol. 45, no. 1, Jan. 2021, p. e12931. Epmc, doi:10.1111/cogs.12931. Full Text

Parikh, Natasha, et al. “Phenomenology of counterfactual thinking is dampened in anxious individuals.Cognition & Emotion, vol. 34, no. 8, Dec. 2020, pp. 1737–45. Epmc, doi:10.1080/02699931.2020.1802230. Full Text

Stanley, M. L., et al. “Resistance to Position Change, Motivated Reasoning, and Polarization.” Political Behavior, vol. 42, no. 3, Sept. 2020, pp. 891–913. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s11109-019-09526-z. Full Text

Faul, Leonard, et al. “Differential contribution of anterior and posterior midline regions during mental simulation of counterfactual and perspective shifts in autobiographical memories.Neuroimage, vol. 215, July 2020, p. 116843. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116843. Full Text

De Brigard, Felipe, et al. “Age-related differences in recognition in associative memory.Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, vol. 27, no. 2, Mar. 2020, pp. 289–301. Epmc, doi:10.1080/13825585.2019.1607820. Full Text

Stanley, Matthew L., et al. “The centrality of remembered moral and immoral actions in constructing personal identity.Memory (Hove, England), vol. 28, no. 2, Feb. 2020, pp. 278–84. Epmc, doi:10.1080/09658211.2019.1708952. Full Text

De Brigard, F., et al. “Remembering possible times: Memory for details of past, future, and counterfactual simulations.Psychology of Consciousness: Theory Research, and Practice, vol. 7, no. 4, Jan. 2020, pp. 331–39. Scopus, doi:10.1037/cns0000220. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Do we need another kind of memory?Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol. 27, no. 11–12, Jan. 2020, pp. 134–44.

De Brigard, Felipe, and Kevin O’Neill. “Two challenges for a dual system approach to temporal cognition.The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 42, Dec. 2019, p. e247. Epmc, doi:10.1017/s0140525x19000645. Full Text


De Brigard, F. “The Anatomy of Amnesia.” Scientific American Mind, 2014, pp. 33–37.

De Brigard, F. “The New Paideia.” 3:Am Magazine, 2014.

De Brigard, F. “Estados Unidos: Entre ilusiones y prejuicios.” Revista Javeriana, 2005.

De Brigard, F. “Finding Memory: Interview with Daniel L. Schacter.” Universitas Psychologica, vol. 12, no. 5, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, pp. 2605–1610.