Felipe De Brigard

Felipe De Brigard

Fuchsberg-Levine Family Associate Professor



Most of my research focuses on the way in which memory and imagination interact. So far, I have explored ways in which episodic memory both guides and constrains episodic counterfactual thinking (i.e., thoughts about alternative ways in which past personal events could have occurred), and how this interaction affects the perceived plausibility of imagined counterfactual events. I also explore the differential contribution of episodic and semantic memory in the generation of different kinds of counterfactual simulations, as well as the effect of counterfactual thinking on the memories they derive from. In addition, my research attempts to understand how prior experience helps to constrain the way in which we reconstruct episodic memories. Finally, I am also interested in the role of internal attention during conscious recollection. To address these issues I use behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques, as well as the conceptual rigor of philosophical analysis.

Education & Training

  • Post Doctoral Fellow, Philosophy, Harvard University 2011 - 2013

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 2011

  • Visiting Instructor, Philosophy, Elon University 2009 - 2010

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 2007

  • M.A., Tufts University 2005

  • A.B., Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Colombia) 2002

Selected Grants

Forgetting and Forgiving: Exploring the Connections Between Memory, Forgiveness and Reconciliation awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2021 to 2024

Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy awarded by Templeton World Charity Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2020 to 2023

Effects of Aging on Episodic Memory-Dependent Decision Making awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2018 to 2023

Counterfactual Simulation and Omissive Causation awarded by Office of Naval Research (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2021

Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy (SSNAP) awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Co-Program Leader). 2016 to 2020

Muñoz-Suárez, C., et al. Content and consciousness revisited. 2015, pp. 1–220. Scopus, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-17374-0. Full Text

Montañés, Patricia, and F. De Brigard. Neuropsicologia clinica y cognoscitiva. Univ. Nacional de Colombia, 2001.

Gessell, B., et al. “Prediction and Topological Models in Neuroscience.” Studies in Brain and Mind, vol. 17, 2021, pp. 35–55. Scopus, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-54092-0_3. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory and the intentional stance.” The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett, 2018, pp. 62–91. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oso/9780199367511.003.0005. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory, attention, and joint reminiscing.” New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory, 2018, pp. 200–20. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781315159591. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory and imagination.” The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory, 2017, pp. 127–40. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781315687315. Full Text

Banerjee, S., et al. “The significance of cognitive neuroscience: Findings, applications and challenges.” The Cognitive Neuroscience V, edited by R. Mangum and M. Gazzaniga, MIT Press, 2014, pp. 1071–78.

St Jacques, P., and F. De Brigard. “Neural correlates of autobiographical memory: Methodological Considerations.The Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory., edited by A. Durte et al., Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

De Brigard, F. “What was I thinking? Dennett’s Content and Consciousness and the reality of propositional attitudes.” Content and Consciousness Revisited, edited by C. M. Muñoz-Suárez and F. De Brigard, Springer, 2013.

De Brigard, F., et al. “Neuroanatomy of Memory.” Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychiatry, edited by D. B. Arcinegas et al., Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2013.

De Brigard, F. “Memoria, neurociencia y educación.” La Pizarra de Babel: Puentes Entre Neurociencia, Psicologia y Educación, edited by S. Lipina and M. Sigman, Libros del Zorzal, pp. 179–94.

O’Neill, Kevin, et al. “Confidence and gradation in causal judgment.Cognition, vol. 223, June 2022, p. 105036. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2022.105036. Full Text

De Brigard, Felipe, et al. “Rethinking the distinction between episodic and semantic memory: Insights from the past, present, and future.Memory & Cognition, vol. 50, no. 3, Apr. 2022, pp. 459–63. Epmc, doi:10.3758/s13421-022-01299-x. Full Text

O’Neill, Kevin, et al. “Effects of category learning strategies on recognition memory.Memory & Cognition, vol. 50, no. 3, Apr. 2022, pp. 512–26. Epmc, doi:10.3758/s13421-021-01207-9. Full Text

Lipkus, Isaac M., et al. “Effects of mental simulation of future waterpipe tobacco smoking on attitudes, perceived harms and intended use among young adults.Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 45, no. 1, Feb. 2022, pp. 76–89. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10865-021-00245-7. Full Text

Huang, Shenyang, et al. “Age differences in intuitive moral decision-making: Associations with inter-network neural connectivity.Psychology and Aging, vol. 36, no. 8, Dec. 2021, pp. 902–16. Epmc, doi:10.1037/pag0000633. Full Text

Gessell, B., et al. “Multivariate pattern analysis and the search for neural representations.” Synthese, vol. 199, no. 5–6, Dec. 2021, pp. 12869–89. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s11229-021-03358-3. Full Text

Stanley, Matthew L., et al. “Making moral principles suit yourself.Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, vol. 28, no. 5, Oct. 2021, pp. 1735–41. Epmc, doi:10.3758/s13423-021-01935-8. Full Text

Stanley, Matthew L., et al. “Memory and Counterfactual Simulations for Past Wrongdoings Foster Moral Learning and Improvement.Cognitive Science, vol. 45, no. 6, June 2021, p. e13007. Epmc, doi:10.1111/cogs.13007. Full Text

De Brigard, Felipe, et al. “Perceived similarity of imagined possible worlds affects judgments of counterfactual plausibility.Cognition, vol. 209, Apr. 2021, p. 104574. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104574. Full Text

Parikh, Natasha, et al. “The Efficacy of Downward Counterfactual Thinking for Regulating Emotional Memories in Anxious Individuals.Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, Jan. 2021, p. 712066. Epmc, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.712066. Full Text


De Brigard, F. “The Anatomy of Amnesia.” Scientific American Mind, 2014, pp. 33–37.

De Brigard, F. “The New Paideia.” 3:Am Magazine, 2014.

De Brigard, F. “Estados Unidos: Entre ilusiones y prejuicios.” Revista Javeriana, 2005.

De Brigard, F. “Finding Memory: Interview with Daniel L. Schacter.” Universitas Psychologica, vol. 12, no. 5, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, pp. 2605–1610.