Kevin S. LaBar
Director, Undergraduate Education (P&N)
Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
My research focuses on understanding how emotional events modulate cognitive processes in the human brain. We aim to identify brain regions that encode the emotional properties of sensory stimuli, and to show how these regions interact with neural systems supporting social cognition, executive control, and learning and memory. To achieve this goal, we use a variety of cognitive neuroscience techniques in human subject populations. These include psychophysiological monitoring, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), virtual reality, and behavioral studies in healthy adults as well as psychiatric patients. This integrative approach capitalizes on recent advances in the field and may lead to new insights into cognitive-emotional interactions in the brain.
Duke CTSA (KL2) awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2018 to 2023
Neurobehavioral Mechanisms of Emotion Regulation in Depression across the Adult Lifespan awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2022
Identifying the Optimal Neural Target for Misophonia Interventions awarded by (Co Investigator). 2019 to 2021
Neuromodulation Enhanced Cognitive Restructuring for Emotion Dysregulation: A Proof of Concept Study awarded by (Collaborator). 2016 to 2019
Contextual Influences on Fear Memories awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2018
Evaluating a Novel Method of Generalizing Emotion Regulation awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2012 to 2017
A Compute Cluster for Brain Imaging and Analysis awarded by National Institutes of Health (Minor User). 2016 to 2017
Motivated Memory as Therapeutic Target awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017
MRI: Acquisition of a High-Resolution Stereoscopic Interactive Visualization System for Research and Education in Scienc awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2016
Multivariate Representations of Emotion awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016
Byrne, J. H., et al. “Learning and Memory: Basic Mechanisms.” From Molecules to Networks: An Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience: Third Edition, 2014, pp. 591–637. Scopus, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-397179-1.00020-8. Full Text
Yamasaki, H., et al. “Dissociable Prefrontal Brain Systems for Attention and Emotion.” Social Neuroscience: Key Readings, 2013, pp. 43–52. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203496190. Full Text
Fichtenholtz, H. M., and K. S. LaBar. “Emotional Influences on Visuospatial Attention.” The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection, 2012. Scopus, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0012. Full Text
LaBar, K. S. “Imaging emotional influences on learning and memory.” Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking Cognitive Processes to Neural Systems, 2012. Scopus, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0018. Full Text
Huff, N. C., and K. S. LaBar. “Generalization and specialization of conditioned learning.” Generalization of Knowledge: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 2011, pp. 3–30. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203848036. Full Text
Dolcos, F., et al. “The Memory Enhancing Effect of Emotion: Functional Neuroimaging Evidence.” Memory and Emotion: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 2008, pp. 105–34. Scopus, doi:10.1002/9780470756232.ch6. Full Text
LaBar, K. S., and J. E. LeDoux. “Fear and anxiety pathways.” Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment, 2006, pp. 133–54.
Amoroso, C. R., et al. “Disgust Theory Through the Lens of Psychiatric Medicine.” Clinical Psychological Science, vol. 8, no. 1, Jan. 2020, pp. 3–24. Scopus, doi:10.1177/2167702619863769. Full Text
Powers, John P., et al. “Multivariate Patterns of Posterior Cortical Activity Differentiate Forms of Emotional Distancing.” Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991), Dec. 2019. Epmc, doi:10.1093/cercor/bhz273. Full Text
Parikh, Natasha, et al. “Spatial distancing reduces emotional arousal to reactivated memories.” Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, vol. 26, no. 6, Dec. 2019, pp. 1967–73. Epmc, doi:10.3758/s13423-019-01648-z. Full Text
Xu, Benjamin, and Kevin S. LaBar. “Advances in understanding addiction treatment and recovery.” Science Advances, vol. 5, no. 10, Oct. 2019, p. eaaz6596. Epmc, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaz6596. Full Text
Kragel, Philip A., et al. “Emotion schemas are embedded in the human visual system.” Science Advances, vol. 5, no. 7, July 2019, p. eaaw4358. Epmc, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaw4358. Full Text
Harris, Adrianne A., et al. “The central role of disgust in disorders of food avoidance.” Int J Eat Disord, vol. 52, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 543–53. Pubmed, doi:10.1002/eat.23047. Full Text
Powers, John P., and Kevin S. LaBar. “Regulating emotion through distancing: A taxonomy, neurocognitive model, and supporting meta-analysis.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 96, Jan. 2019, pp. 155–73. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.04.023. Full Text
Chen, Lyon W., et al. “Smaller hippocampal CA1 subfield volume in posttraumatic stress disorder.” Depress Anxiety, vol. 35, no. 11, Nov. 2018, pp. 1018–29. Pubmed, doi:10.1002/da.22833. Full Text
Wing, Erik A., et al. “Neural mechanisms underlying subsequent memory for personal beliefs:An fMRI study.” Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, vol. 18, no. 2, Apr. 2018, pp. 216–31. Epmc, doi:10.3758/s13415-018-0563-y. Full Text
Morey, Rajendra, et al. “Fear Learning Circuitry in PTSD is Biased Toward Generalization of Conditioned Response.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 75, no. 9, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2014, pp. 14S-14S.
Brown, Vanessa M., et al. “Resting State Connectivity Between Amygdalar Subregions and the Prefrontal Cortex is Disrupted in PTSD.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 71, no. 8, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2012, pp. 307S-307S.
Morey, Rajendra A., et al. “Neural systems for executive and emotional processing are modulated by level of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in Iraq war veterans.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 61, no. 8, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2007, pp. 182S-182S.
LaBar, Kevin S. “Integrating psychophysiology and fMRI to study attention and learning.” Psychophysiology, vol. 43, BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, 2006, pp. S12–S12.
Pelphrey, K. A., et al. “Perception of dynamic changes in facial expressions of emotion in autism.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, M I T PRESS, 2005, pp. 63–63.
Zorawski, M., et al. “Sex, stress, and fear: Individual differences in conditioned learning.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, M I T PRESS, 2005, pp. 61–61.
Graham, R., and K. S. LaBar. “The Garner paradigm reveals asymmetric dependencies between facial emotional expression and gaze processing.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, M I T PRESS, 2005, pp. 144–144.
Multivariate pattern classification reveals biomarkers of distinct emotional states in the central and autonomic nervous systems. Workshop on Novel Approaches to Decode the Distributed Neural Representation of Emotions and Their Components. Organiza...