Mary "Missy" Cummings

Mary "Missy" Cummings

Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

External Address: 
131 North Building, Box 103957, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
131 North Building, Box 103957, Durham, NC 27708


Mary "Missy" Cummings received her B.S. in Mathematics from the US Naval Academy in 1988, her M.S. in Space Systems Engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in 1994, and her Ph.D. in Systems Engineering from the University of Virginia in 2004.
A naval officer and military pilot from 1988-1999, she was one of the Navy's first female fighter pilots.
Cummings is currently a Professor in the Duke University Pratt School of Engineering, the Duke Institute of Brain Sciences, and is the director of the Humans and Autonomy Laboratory and Duke Robotics. Her research interests include human-unmanned vehicle interaction, human-autonomous system collaboration, human-systems engineering, public policy implications of unmanned vehicles, and the ethical and social impact of technology.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of Virginia 2004

Cummings, M. L., et al. “Operator performance and intelligent aiding in unmanned aerial vehicle scheduling.” Ieee Intelligent Systems, vol. 22, no. 2, Mar. 2007, pp. 52–59. Scopus, doi:10.1109/MIS.2007.39. Full Text

Cummings, M. L., and Stephanie Guerlain. “Developing operator capacity estimates for supervisory control of autonomous vehicles.Human Factors, vol. 49, no. 1, Feb. 2007, pp. 1–15. Epmc, doi:10.1518/001872007779598109. Full Text

Cummings, M. L., and C. G. Tsonis. “Partitioning complexity in air traffic management tasks.” International Journal of Aviation Psychology, vol. 16, no. 3, Aug. 2006, pp. 277–95. Scopus, doi:10.1207/s15327108ijap1603_3. Full Text

Cummings, M. L., and P. J. Mitchell. “Automated scheduling decision support for supervisory control of multiple UAVs.” Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information and Communication, vol. 3, no. 6, July 2006, pp. 294–308. Scopus, doi:10.2514/1.19599. Full Text

Cummings, M. L. “Conducting online course dialogue on the ethics of the weapons design.” Ieee Technology and Society Magazine, vol. 25, no. 1, Mar. 2006, pp. 31–37. Scopus, doi:10.1109/MTAS.2006.1607722. Full Text

Cummings, M. L. “The need for command and control instant message adaptive interfaces: lessons learned from Tactical Tomahawk human-in-the-loop simulations.Cyberpsychology & Behavior : The Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society, vol. 7, no. 6, Dec. 2004, pp. 653–61. Epmc, doi:10.1089/cpb.2004.7.653. Full Text

Cummings, M. L. “Creating moral buffers in weapon control interface design.” Ieee Technology and Society Magazine, vol. 23, no. 3, Sept. 2004. Scopus, doi:10.1109/MTAS.2004.1337888. Full Text

Cummings, M. L. “The double-edge sword of secrecy in military weapon development.” Ieee Technology and Society Magazine, vol. 22, no. 4, Dec. 2003, pp. 4–12. Scopus, doi:10.1109/MTAS.2004.1251381. Full Text

Cummings, M. “Display Design in the F/A-18 Hornet.” Ergonomics in Design: The Quarterly of Human Factors Applications, vol. 11, no. 4, Jan. 2003, pp. 16–19. Scopus, doi:10.1177/106480460301100405. Full Text

Cummings, Mary L. “Informed consent and investigational new drug abuses in the U.S. military.Accountability in Research, vol. 9, no. 2, Apr. 2002, pp. 93–103. Epmc, doi:10.1080/08989620212967. Full Text


Bertuccelli, L. F., et al. “Developing operator models for UAV search scheduling.” Aiaa Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, 2010. Scopus, doi:10.2514/6.2010-7863. Full Text

Sasangohar, F., et al. “Mapping complexity sources in nuclear power plant domainsi.” Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, vol. 3, 2010, pp. 2169–73. Scopus, doi:10.1518/107118110X12829370265285. Full Text

Donmez, B., and M. L. Cummings. “Metric selection for evaluating human supervisory control of unmanned vehicles.” Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (Permis) Workshop, 2010, pp. 14–21. Scopus, doi:10.1145/2377576.2377580. Full Text

Donmez, B., et al. “Modified Cooper Harper scales for assessing unmanned vehicle displays.” Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (Permis) Workshop, 2010, pp. 235–42. Scopus, doi:10.1145/2377576.2377620. Full Text

Bertuccelli, L. F., et al. “Choice modeling of relook tasks for UAV search missions.” Proceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference, Acc 2010, 2010, pp. 2410–15. Scopus, doi:10.1109/acc.2010.5530571. Full Text

Maere, P. C. P., et al. “Assessing operator strategies for adjusting replan alerts in controlling multiple unmanned vehicles.” Ifac Proceedings Volumes (Ifac Papersonline), vol. 11, no. PART 1, 2010. Scopus, doi:10.3182/20100831-4-fr-2021.00065. Full Text

Clare, A. S., et al. “Assessing operator workload and performance in expeditionary multiple unmanned vehicle control.” 48th Aiaa Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, 2010. Scopus, doi:10.2514/6.2010-763. Full Text

Donmez, B., et al. “Evaluation criteria for human-automation performance metrics.” Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems, 2009, pp. 21–40. Scopus, doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0492-8-2. Full Text

Massie, A. E., et al. “Supporting system acquisition decisions through ecological perception.” 47th Aiaa Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, 2009.

Boussemart, Y., et al. “Comparing learning techniques for hidden markov models of human supervisory control behavior.” Aiaa Infotech at Aerospace Conference and Exhibit and Aiaa Unmanned...Unlimited Conference, 2009.