Rick Hoyle

Rick Hoyle

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

External Address: 
417 Chapel Drive, 244 Reuben-Cooke Bldg, Durham, NC 27708-0086
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90086, 244 Reuben-Cooke, Durham, NC 27708-0086


Research in my lab concerns the means by which adolescents and emerging adults manage pursuit of their goals through self-regulation. We take a broad view of self-regulation, accounting for the separate and interactive influences of personality, environment (e.g., home, school, neighborhood), cognition and emotion, and social influences on the many facets of goal management. Although we occasionally study these influences in controlled laboratory experiments, our preference is to study the pursuit of longer-term, personally meaningful goals “in the wild.” Much of our work is longitudinal and involves repeated assessments focused on the pursuit of specific goals over time. Some studies span years and involve data collection once or twice per year. Others span weeks and involve intensive repeated assessments, sometimes several times per day. We use these rich data to model the means by which people manage real goals in the course of everyday life.

In conjunction with this work, we spend considerable time and effort on developing and refining means of measuring or observing the many factors at play in self-regulation. In addition to developing self-report measures of self-control and grit and measures of the processes we expect to wax and wane over time in the course of goal pursuit, we are working on unobtrusive approaches to tracking goal pursuit and progress through mobile phones and wearable devices.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1988

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1986

  • B.A., Appalachian State University 1983

Selected Grants

Center for the Study of Adolescent Risk and Resilience awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2008 to 2024

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Co-Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Classification of substance use disorders in adolescents awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2007 to 2016

A Model of Autobiographical Memory & Its Changes in PTSD awarded by National Institutes of Health (Senior Investigator). 2002 to 2016

Neurobehavioral and fMRI Research in HIV Infection and Cocaine Dependence awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2010 to 2015

Classification of Substance Use Severity and Treatment Outcomes: NIDA CTN Studies awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Hostility, PTSD and Physical Health Risk Factors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Fluctuations in Self-Control Capacity awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2013


Hoyle, R. H., et al. Selfhood: Identity, esteem, regulation. 2019, pp. 1–193. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780429305818. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H. “Idea poaching behind the veil of blind peer review.” Ethical Challenges in the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2015, pp. 44–47. Scopus, doi:10.1007/9781139626491.016. Full Text

Costanzo, P. R., et al. “Personality, Social Psychology, and Psychopathology: Reflections on a Lewinian Vision.” The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398991.013.0023. Full Text

Carrig, M. M., and R. H. Hoyle. “Measurement choices: Reliability, validity, and generalizability.” Handbook of Ethics in Quantitative Methodology, 2011, pp. 127–57.

Hoyle, R. H., and J. C. Robinson. “Mediated and moderated effects in social psychological research: Measurement, design, and analysis issues.” The SAGE Handbook of Methods in Social Psychology, 2004, pp. 213–34. Scopus, doi:10.4135/9781412976190.n10. Full Text

Davisson, Erin K., et al. “Additive or Multiplicative? Predicting Academic Outcomes from Self-Regulation and Context.Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 179, Sept. 2021. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.paid.2021.110907. Full Text

Andrade, Fernanda C., et al. “Navigating Still Waters of Infertility: Role of Goal Features in Coping with a Thwarted Goal.International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, July 2021. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s12529-021-10006-0. Full Text Open Access Copy

Moshontz, H., and R. H. Hoyle. “Resisting, recognizing, and returning: A three-component model and review of persistence in episodic goals.” Social and Personality Psychology Compass, vol. 15, no. 1, Jan. 2021. Scopus, doi:10.1111/spc3.12576. Full Text

van Dongen, J. D. M., et al. “Sensation seeking and its relationship with psychopathic traits, impulsivity and aggression: a validation of the Dutch Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS).” Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, Jan. 2021. Scopus, doi:10.1080/13218719.2020.1821825. Full Text

Burnell, Kaitlyn, et al. “Are Exclusive e-Cigarette Users Unique? Comparing Predictors of Exclusive e-Cigarette Use with Traditional Tobacco Use and Dual Use among U.S. Adolescents.Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 56, no. 6, Jan. 2021, pp. 905–10. Epmc, doi:10.1080/10826084.2021.1899236. Full Text

Hoyle, Rick H., et al. “Relations between protective traits and psychological distress among women experiencing infertility.Journal of Health Psychology, Sept. 2020, p. 1359105320953466. Epmc, doi:10.1177/1359105320953466. Full Text

George, Madeleine J., et al. “Young Adolescents' Digital Technology Use, Perceived Impairments, and Well-Being in a Representative Sample.J Pediatr, vol. 219, Apr. 2020, pp. 180–87. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.12.002. Full Text

Correction for Duckworth et al., Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Dec. 2019. Epmc, doi:10.1073/pnas.1920625117. Full Text

Duckworth, Angela L., et al. “Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 116, no. 47, Nov. 2019, pp. 23499–504. Epmc, doi:10.1073/pnas.1910510116. Full Text

Berntsen, Dorthe, et al. “The Autobiographical Recollection Test (ART): A Measure of Individual Differences in Autobiographical Memory.Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, vol. 8, no. 3, Sept. 2019, pp. 305–18. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.06.005. Full Text