Timothy J. Strauman

Timothy J. Strauman

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

External Address: 
316 Reuben-Cooke Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90086, Durham, NC 27708-0086
Phone: 
919.660.5709
Office Hours: 
By appointment; please email to arrange a time to meet.

Overview

Professor Strauman's research focuses on the psychological and neurobiological processes that enable self-regulation, conceptualized in terms of a cognitive/motivational perspective, as well as the relation between self-regulation and affect. Particular areas of emphasis include: (1) conceptualizing self-regulation in terms of brain/behavior motivational systems; (2) the role of self-regulatory cognitive processes in vulnerability to depression and other disorders; (3) the impact of treatments for depression, such as psychotherapy and medication, on self-regulatory function and dysfunction in depression; (4) how normative and non-normative socialization patterns influence the development of self-regulatory systems; (5) the contributory roles of self-regulation, affect, and psychopathology in determining immunologically-mediated susceptibility to illness; (6) development of novel multi-component treatments for depression targeting self-regulatory dysfunction; (7) utilization of brain imaging techniques to test hypotheses concerning self-regulation, including the nature and function of hypothetical regulatory systems and characterizing the breakdowns in self-regulation that lead to and accompany depression.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., New York University 1987

  • M.A., The University of Chicago 1979

  • B.A., Duquesne University 1978

Selected Grants

Couple Communication Skills Training for Advanced Cancer awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2020 to 2024

Enhancing the Transition from Hospital to Home for Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury and Families awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2020 to 2023

Resilience Measurement, Prediction, and its Role in Older Adults with Late Stage Lung Cancer awarded by Wake Forest University School Of Medicine (Collaborator). 2020 to 2022

Motivated Memory as Therapeutic Target awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Instructed Activation of the Human Dopaminergic Midbrain using Real-Time fMRI awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2014 to 2016

Improving Adherence to Recommended Surveillance in Breast Cancer Survivors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2010 to 2015

Pages

Eddington, Kari M., et al. Self-system Therapy for Depression: Therapist Guide. Oxford University Press, 2017.

Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods and task selection.” Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, 2014, pp. 72–84. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203386071. Full Text

Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods, and task selection.Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, edited by W. Lutz and S. Knox, Routledge, 2014, pp. 72–84.

Strauman, T. J., et al. “Self-regulation as a mediator of change in psychotherapy.” Changing Emotions, 2013, pp. 209–16. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203075630-38. Full Text

Gee, Dylan G., et al. “Training the Next Generation of Clinical Psychological Scientists: A Data-Driven Call to Action.Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, vol. 18, May 2022, pp. 43–70. Epmc, doi:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-081219-092500. Full Text Open Access Copy

Lantz Lesser, Elin, et al. “Relationships between nonappearance self-discrepancy, weight discrepancy, and binge eating disorder symptoms.Eating and Weight Disorders : Ewd, vol. 26, no. 5, June 2021, pp. 1571–80. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s40519-020-00975-8. Full Text

Romer, Adrienne L., et al. “Regulatory focus and the p factor: Evidence for self-regulatory dysfunction as a transdiagnostic feature of general psychopathology.Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 137, May 2021, pp. 178–85. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.02.051. Full Text Open Access Copy

Strauman, Timothy J. “Modeling the onset of a depressive episode: A self-regulation perspective.Current Opinion in Psychology, vol. 41, Apr. 2021, pp. 100–06. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2021.04.003. Full Text Open Access Copy

Datta, Nandini, et al. “Internal states and interoception along a spectrum of eating disorder symptomology.Physiol Behav, vol. 230, Mar. 2021, p. 113307. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113307. Full Text

Strauman, T. J. “Training Opportunities for Challenge-Focused Career Development in Clinical Psychology.” Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, vol. 28, no. 2, Jan. 2021, pp. 128–30. Scopus, doi:10.1037/cps0000024. Full Text

Langer, Shelby L., et al. “Couple Communication in Cancer: Protocol for a Multi-Method Examination.Front Psychol, vol. 12, 2021, p. 769407. Pubmed, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.769407. Full Text

Franzese, Alexis T., et al. “Regulatory Focus and Substance Use in Adolescents: Protective Effects of Prevention Orientation.Subst Use Misuse, vol. 56, no. 1, 2021, pp. 33–38. Pubmed, doi:10.1080/10826084.2020.1833926. Full Text

Callahan, Jennifer L., et al. “Inviting ASPPB to address systemic bias and racism: Reply to Turner et al. (2021).The American Psychologist, vol. 76, no. 1, Jan. 2021, pp. 167–68. Epmc, doi:10.1037/amp0000801. Full Text

Pages

Langer, Shelby, et al. “TEMPORAL ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN COMMUNICATION, MOOD, AND RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION: AN ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT STUDY.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S732–S732.

Langer, Shelby, et al. “A SMARTPHONE-BASED APPROACH TO GATHERING TWICE-DAILY REPORTS OF COMMUNICATION AND MOOD AMONG COUPLES COPING WITH CANCER.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S229–S229.

Strauman, T. J., et al. Self-regulation as a mediator of change in psychotherapy. 2013, pp. 209–16. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203075630. Full Text

Goetz, Elena L., et al. “Regulatory Focus and Reward Sensitivity: Integrating Social-Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Perspectives.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 9, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2010, pp. 63S-63S.

Strauman, T. J. “Self-beliefs, self-evaluation, and depression: A perspective on emotional vulnerability.” Striving and Feeling, edited by L. L. Martin and A. Tesser, LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL, 1996, pp. 175–201.