Timothy J. Strauman

Timothy J. Strauman

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

External Address: 
316 Soc-Psych Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90086, Durham, NC 27708-0086
Phone: 
919.660.5709
Office Hours: 
By appointment; please email to arrange a time to meet.

Overview

Professor Strauman's research focuses on the psychological and neurobiological processes that enable self-regulation, conceptualized in terms of a cognitive/motivational perspective, as well as the relation between self-regulation and affect. Particular areas of emphasis include: (1) conceptualizing self-regulation in terms of brain/behavior motivational systems; (2) the role of self-regulatory cognitive processes in vulnerability to depression and other disorders; (3) the impact of treatments for depression, such as psychotherapy and medication, on self-regulatory function and dysfunction in depression; (4) how normative and non-normative socialization patterns influence the development of self-regulatory systems; (5) the contributory roles of self-regulation, affect, and psychopathology in determining immunologically-mediated susceptibility to illness; (6) development of novel multi-component treatments for depression targeting self-regulatory dysfunction; (7) utilization of brain imaging techniques to test hypotheses concerning self-regulation, including the nature and function of hypothetical regulatory systems and characterizing the breakdowns in self-regulation that lead to and accompany depression.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., New York University 1987

  • M.A., University of Chicago 1979

  • B.A., Duquesne University 1978

Selected Grants

Evaluating the impact of an emotion regulation intervention on emotion perception awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2018 to 2020

Evaluating the impact of an emotion regulation intervention on emotion perception awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2018 to 2020

Couple Communication in Cancer: A Multi-method Examination awarded by Arizona State University (Co Investigator). 2016 to 2019

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2017

Motivated Memory as Therapeutic Target awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Instructed Activation of the Human Dopaminergic Midbrain using Real-Time fMRI awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2014 to 2016

Improving Adherence to Recommended Surveillance in Breast Cancer Survivors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2010 to 2015

The Effects of Repeated Retrieval on Autobiographical Memories awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2012 to 2015

Pages

Eddington, Kari M., et al. Self-system Therapy for Depression: Therapist Guide. Oxford University Press, 2017.

Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods and task selection.” Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, 2014, pp. 72–84. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203386071. Full Text

Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods, and task selection..” Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, edited by W. Lutz and S. Knox, Routledge, 2014, pp. 72–84.

Brewster, A. B., et al. “Takin’ It to the Streets: Approach/Avoidance Motivation in the Lives of At-Risk Youth.” Psychological Inquiry, vol. 30, no. 3, July 2019, pp. 147–50. Scopus, doi:10.1080/1047840X.2019.1646052. Full Text

Harris, Adrianne A., et al. “The central role of disgust in disorders of food avoidance..” Int J Eat Disord, vol. 52, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 543–53. Pubmed, doi:10.1002/eat.23047. Full Text

Mason, Tyler B., et al. “Self-discrepancy theory as a transdiagnostic framework: A meta-analysis of self-discrepancy and psychopathology..” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 145, no. 4, Apr. 2019, pp. 372–89. Epmc, doi:10.1037/bul0000186. Full Text

Sanchez, D. J., et al. “Impact of Student Perceptions of the Educational Program on Burnout in Medical School.” Medical Science Educator, Jan. 2019. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s40670-019-00812-3. Full Text

Addicott, Merideth A., et al. “Distress tolerance to auditory feedback and functional connectivity with the auditory cortex..” Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging, vol. 282, Dec. 2018, pp. 1–10. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2018.10.003. Full Text

Neacsiu, Andrada D., et al. “On the Concurrent Use of Self-System Therapy and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment for Depression..” J Ect, vol. 34, no. 4, Dec. 2018, pp. 266–73. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/YCT.0000000000000545. Full Text

MacDuffie, Katherine E., et al. “Single session real-time fMRI neurofeedback has a lasting impact on cognitive behavioral therapy strategies..” Neuroimage Clin, vol. 19, 2018, pp. 868–75. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.06.009. Full Text

Scult, Matthew A., et al. “Individual differences in regulatory focus predict neural response to reward..” Soc Neurosci, vol. 12, no. 4, Aug. 2017, pp. 419–29. Pubmed, doi:10.1080/17470919.2016.1178170. Full Text Open Access Copy

Strauman, Timothy J. “Self-Regulation and Psychopathology: Toward an Integrative Translational Research Paradigm..” Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, vol. 13, May 2017, pp. 497–523. Epmc, doi:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045012. Full Text

Pages

Langer, Shelby, et al. “TEMPORAL ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN COMMUNICATION, MOOD, AND RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION: AN ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT STUDY.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S732–S732.

Langer, Shelby, et al. “A SMARTPHONE-BASED APPROACH TO GATHERING TWICE-DAILY REPORTS OF COMMUNICATION AND MOOD AMONG COUPLES COPING WITH CANCER.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S229–S229.

Strauman, T. J., et al. Self-regulation as a mediator of change in psychotherapy. 2013, pp. 209–16. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203075630. Full Text

Goetz, Elena L., et al. “Regulatory Focus and Reward Sensitivity: Integrating Social-Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Perspectives.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 9, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2010, pp. 63S-63S.

Strauman, T. J. “Self-beliefs, self-evaluation, and depression: A perspective on emotional vulnerability.” Striving and Feeling, edited by L. L. Martin and A. Tesser, LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL, 1996, pp. 175–201.