Timothy J. Strauman
Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
Professor Strauman's research focuses on the psychological and neurobiological processes that enable self-regulation, conceptualized in terms of a cognitive/motivational perspective, as well as the relation between self-regulation and affect. Particular areas of emphasis include: (1) conceptualizing self-regulation in terms of brain/behavior motivational systems; (2) the role of self-regulatory cognitive processes in vulnerability to depression and other disorders; (3) the impact of treatments for depression, such as psychotherapy and medication, on self-regulatory function and dysfunction in depression; (4) how normative and non-normative socialization patterns influence the development of self-regulatory systems; (5) the contributory roles of self-regulation, affect, and psychopathology in determining immunologically-mediated susceptibility to illness; (6) development of novel multi-component treatments for depression targeting self-regulatory dysfunction; (7) utilization of brain imaging techniques to test hypotheses concerning self-regulation, including the nature and function of hypothetical regulatory systems and characterizing the breakdowns in self-regulation that lead to and accompany depression.
Couple Communication Skills Training for Advanced Cancer awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2020 to 2024
Enhancing the Transition from Hospital to Home for Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury and Families awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2020 to 2022
Resilience Measurement, Prediction, and its Role in Older Adults with Late Stage Lung Cancer awarded by Wake Forest University School Of Medicine (Collaborator). 2020 to 2021
Evaluating the impact of a brief, phone-based emotion regulation intervention on emotion perception within a transdiagnostic, clinical sample of adults awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2018 to 2020
An Analysis of Psychosocial Risk and Protective Factors: Accelerated Cognitive Aging and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) Among Retired NFL & Former NCAA Football Players awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2017
The Resilience Project: A proposal to The Duke Endowment for a four-year study of undergraduate student resilience and interventions that will promote resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2017
Motivated Memory as Therapeutic Target awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017
Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016
Instructed Activation of the Human Dopaminergic Midbrain using Real-Time fMRI awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2014 to 2016
Improving Adherence to Recommended Surveillance in Breast Cancer Survivors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2010 to 2015
Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods and task selection.” Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, 2014, pp. 72–84. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203386071. Full Text
Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods, and task selection.” Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, edited by W. Lutz and S. Knox, Routledge, 2014, pp. 72–84.
Peterson, Carol B., et al. “Comparing integrative cognitive-affective therapy and guided self-help cognitive-behavioral therapy to treat binge-eating disorder using standard and naturalistic momentary outcome measures: A randomized controlled trial.” The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 53, no. 9, Sept. 2020, pp. 1418–27. Epmc, doi:10.1002/eat.23324. Full Text
Lantz Lesser, Elin, et al. “Relationships between nonappearance self-discrepancy, weight discrepancy, and binge eating disorder symptoms.” Eating and Weight Disorders : Ewd, Aug. 2020. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s40519-020-00975-8. Full Text
Detloff, Allison M., et al. “Neural signatures of promotion versus prevention goal priming: fMRI evidence for distinct cognitive-motivational systems.” Personality Neuroscience, vol. 3, Feb. 2020, p. e1. Epmc, doi:10.1017/pen.2019.13. Full Text
Callahan, Jennifer L., et al. “The enhanced examination for professional practice in psychology: A viable approach?” The American Psychologist, vol. 75, no. 1, Jan. 2020, pp. 52–65. Epmc, doi:10.1037/amp0000586. Full Text
Sanchez, D. J., et al. “Impact of Student Perceptions of the Educational Program on Burnout in Medical School.” Medical Science Educator, vol. 29, no. 4, Dec. 2019, pp. 1077–87. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s40670-019-00812-3. Full Text
Brewster, A. B., et al. “Takin’ It to the Streets: Approach/Avoidance Motivation in the Lives of At-Risk Youth.” Psychological Inquiry, vol. 30, no. 3, July 2019, pp. 147–50. Scopus, doi:10.1080/1047840X.2019.1646052. Full Text
Harris, Adrianne A., et al. “The central role of disgust in disorders of food avoidance.” Int J Eat Disord, vol. 52, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 543–53. Pubmed, doi:10.1002/eat.23047. Full Text
Mason, Tyler B., et al. “Self-discrepancy theory as a transdiagnostic framework: A meta-analysis of self-discrepancy and psychopathology.” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 145, no. 4, Apr. 2019, pp. 372–89. Epmc, doi:10.1037/bul0000186. Full Text
Addicott, Merideth A., et al. “Distress tolerance to auditory feedback and functional connectivity with the auditory cortex.” Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging, vol. 282, Dec. 2018, pp. 1–10. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2018.10.003. Full Text Open Access Copy
Neacsiu, Andrada D., et al. “On the Concurrent Use of Self-System Therapy and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment for Depression.” J Ect, vol. 34, no. 4, Dec. 2018, pp. 266–73. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/YCT.0000000000000545. Full Text
Langer, Shelby, et al. “TEMPORAL ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN COMMUNICATION, MOOD, AND RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION: AN ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT STUDY.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S732–S732.
Langer, Shelby, et al. “A SMARTPHONE-BASED APPROACH TO GATHERING TWICE-DAILY REPORTS OF COMMUNICATION AND MOOD AMONG COUPLES COPING WITH CANCER.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S229–S229.
Strauman, T. J., et al. Self-regulation as a mediator of change in psychotherapy. 2013, pp. 209–16. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203075630. Full Text
Goetz, Elena L., et al. “Regulatory Focus and Reward Sensitivity: Integrating Social-Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Perspectives.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 9, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2010, pp. 63S-63S.
Strauman, T. J. “Self-beliefs, self-evaluation, and depression: A perspective on emotional vulnerability.” Striving and Feeling, edited by L. L. Martin and A. Tesser, LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL, 1996, pp. 175–201.