Timothy J. Strauman

Timothy J. Strauman

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

External Address: 
316 Soc-Psych Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90086, Durham, NC 27708-0086
Phone: 
919.660.5709
Office Hours: 
By appointment; please email to arrange a time to meet.

Overview

Professor Strauman's research focuses on the psychological and neurobiological processes that enable self-regulation, conceptualized in terms of a cognitive/motivational perspective, as well as the relation between self-regulation and affect. Particular areas of emphasis include: (1) conceptualizing self-regulation in terms of brain/behavior motivational systems; (2) the role of self-regulatory cognitive processes in vulnerability to depression and other disorders; (3) the impact of treatments for depression, such as psychotherapy and medication, on self-regulatory function and dysfunction in depression; (4) how normative and non-normative socialization patterns influence the development of self-regulatory systems; (5) the contributory roles of self-regulation, affect, and psychopathology in determining immunologically-mediated susceptibility to illness; (6) development of novel multi-component treatments for depression targeting self-regulatory dysfunction; (7) utilization of brain imaging techniques to test hypotheses concerning self-regulation, including the nature and function of hypothetical regulatory systems and characterizing the breakdowns in self-regulation that lead to and accompany depression.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., New York University 1987

  • M.A., The University of Chicago 1979

  • B.A., Duquesne University 1978

Selected Grants

Couple Communication Skills Training for Advanced Cancer awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2020 to 2024

Enhancing the Transition from Hospital to Home for Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury and Families awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2020 to 2022

Resilience Measurement, Prediction, and its Role in Older Adults with Late Stage Lung Cancer awarded by Wake Forest University School of Medicine (Collaborator). 2020 to 2021

Motivated Memory as Therapeutic Target awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Instructed Activation of the Human Dopaminergic Midbrain using Real-Time fMRI awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2014 to 2016

Improving Adherence to Recommended Surveillance in Breast Cancer Survivors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2010 to 2015

Pages

Eddington, Kari M., et al. Self-system Therapy for Depression: Therapist Guide. Oxford University Press, 2017.

Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods, and task selection.Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, edited by W. Lutz and S. Knox, Routledge, 2014, pp. 72–84.

Carrig, M. M., et al. “Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods and task selection.” Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research, 2014, pp. 72–84. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203386071. Full Text

Detloff, Allison M., et al. “Neural signatures of promotion versus prevention goal priming: fMRI evidence for distinct cognitive-motivational systems.Personality Neuroscience, vol. 3, Feb. 2020, p. e1. Epmc, doi:10.1017/pen.2019.13. Full Text

Callahan, Jennifer L., et al. “The enhanced examination for professional practice in psychology: A viable approach?The American Psychologist, vol. 75, no. 1, Jan. 2020, pp. 52–65. Epmc, doi:10.1037/amp0000586. Full Text

Sanchez, D. J., et al. “Impact of Student Perceptions of the Educational Program on Burnout in Medical School.” Medical Science Educator, vol. 29, no. 4, Dec. 2019, pp. 1077–87. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s40670-019-00812-3. Full Text

Brewster, A. B., et al. “Takin’ It to the Streets: Approach/Avoidance Motivation in the Lives of At-Risk Youth.” Psychological Inquiry, vol. 30, no. 3, July 2019, pp. 147–50. Scopus, doi:10.1080/1047840X.2019.1646052. Full Text

Harris, Adrianne A., et al. “The central role of disgust in disorders of food avoidance.Int J Eat Disord, vol. 52, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 543–53. Pubmed, doi:10.1002/eat.23047. Full Text

Mason, Tyler B., et al. “Self-discrepancy theory as a transdiagnostic framework: A meta-analysis of self-discrepancy and psychopathology.Psychological Bulletin, vol. 145, no. 4, Apr. 2019, pp. 372–89. Epmc, doi:10.1037/bul0000186. Full Text

Addicott, Merideth A., et al. “Distress tolerance to auditory feedback and functional connectivity with the auditory cortex.Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging, vol. 282, Dec. 2018, pp. 1–10. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2018.10.003. Full Text Open Access Copy

Neacsiu, Andrada D., et al. “On the Concurrent Use of Self-System Therapy and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment for Depression.J Ect, vol. 34, no. 4, Dec. 2018, pp. 266–73. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/YCT.0000000000000545. Full Text

MacDuffie, Katherine E., et al. “Single session real-time fMRI neurofeedback has a lasting impact on cognitive behavioral therapy strategies.Neuroimage Clin, vol. 19, 2018, pp. 868–75. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.06.009. Full Text

Pages

Langer, Shelby, et al. “A SMARTPHONE-BASED APPROACH TO GATHERING TWICE-DAILY REPORTS OF COMMUNICATION AND MOOD AMONG COUPLES COPING WITH CANCER.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S229–S229.

Langer, Shelby, et al. “TEMPORAL ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN COMMUNICATION, MOOD, AND RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION: AN ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT STUDY.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 52, OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2018, pp. S732–S732.

Strauman, T. J., et al. Self-regulation as a mediator of change in psychotherapy. 2013, pp. 209–16. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203075630. Full Text

Goetz, Elena L., et al. “Regulatory Focus and Reward Sensitivity: Integrating Social-Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Perspectives.” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 9, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2010, pp. 63S-63S.

Strauman, T. J. “Self-beliefs, self-evaluation, and depression: A perspective on emotional vulnerability.” Striving and Feeling, edited by L. L. Martin and A. Tesser, LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL, 1996, pp. 175–201.